Cerebral palsy is a physical disability that makes it difficult for children to control their muscles and movements. Early intervention services are very crucial. To support them better. Cerebral Palsy (CP) is a disability caused by the damage to the brain during the developmental process. Children can have problems like muscle Weakness, Stiffness, Awkwardness, Slowness and Shakiness. They might also have difficulty with balance and coordination.
Causes For Cerebral Palsy
Causes of intellectual disability:
- A child’s brain doesn’t develop properly during pregnancy
- Premature baby
- A mother is exposed to certain viruses during pregnancy
- A baby doesn’t get enough oxygen during birth or after birth
- A baby has a stroke during pregnancy or after birth
- A baby gets a severe brain infection shortly after birth
- A child experiences certain kinds of injuries during the delivery process (Eg. Forceps delivery)
- A child gets injury in the brain during any kind of harmful accidents
Types Of Cerebral Palsy
Spastic cerebral palsy Muscles stiffen up or become tight automatically. This happens because messages from her brain to her muscles can’t get through clearly. Dyskinetic cerebral palsy
Living with intellectual disability
In this type of cerebral palsy, when a child tries to move he might make twisting, repetitive movements with his arms, hands, legs and feet, and around his mouth. These movements might make it very difficult for him to sit, stand, reach or grasp. Dystonia and athetosis are two types of these movement problems.
Ataxic cerebral palsy
Child will have shaky and unsteady movements or tremors. Have problems with balance and might walk with feet wide apart to help themselves to balance. Child with cerebral palsy actually has a combination of two or more of these types.
One side of the body is affected such as the right arm and right leg as well as often the right hand side of the trunk. Damage to the brain occurs on the opposite side to the limbs affected.
Here the lower limbs are affected. Some impact on hand function and other areas such as visual perception may also occur.
Whole body, Including all four limbs are affected.
The lower limbs and right arm / left arm will be affected.
Symptoms And Effects Of Cerebral Palsy
Different combination of symptoms are shown in every child affected with CP. The severity varies from child to child. Children with mild symptoms and can walk well and communicate effectively. Children with severe cerebral palsy might have difficulty making everyday movements and doing everyday things. About one-third of children with cerebral palsy will need extra help to get around, and one quarter wont be able to walk. The effects of cerebral palsy can be different in different children. One child might be affected mainly on one side of the body (like a stroke in an adult), and another child might be affected in both legs. And yet another child might have effects in legs, arms and body, many children feel the effects of cerebral palsy in the muscles of their face, mouth and throat. This can affect communication, eating and drinking.
- Poor abgar score (Birth cry)
- Child not crying when compare to other child (20 day)
- Problems with feeding
- Problems in mother feeding (Sucking Milk, delayed sucking of milk every time when mother feeds the child
- Slow/Delayed milestones – for example, they might be slower than other babies to hold their heads up or sit up
- Inappropriate movements across their bodis
- Poor Muscle control
- Low muscle tone
- Muscle spasms or stiffness I some part / Whole part of the body
- Head streak forward one side of the body
- Delayed head control even after four months or no head control
- Child not rotating, crawling / delayed milestone
- Delayed sitting
- No grasp
- No eye contact development
- Poor kicking
- Delay in walking
Other problems can include
- Intellectual disability
- Behavior difficulties
- Vision impairment
- Hearing impairment
What is required?
Cerebral palsy children may also experience gastro- esophageal reflux, constipation, epilepsy, orthopedic problem and recurrent chest infection.
- Services required
- Occupational Therapy
- Aquatic therapy
- Speech therapy
- Special education
- Periodical Pediatrician and therapist followups
Why therapy is required?
Therapy at the early stage can get harder for their body to manage extra challenges as they grows up. Early intervention can improve out comes for your child to increase their full potential as early as possible.